Searching across hundreds of databases

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Specific cleavage of agrin by neurotrypsin, a synaptic protease linked to mental retardation.

The synaptic serine protease neurotrypsin is thought to be important for adaptive synaptic processes required for cognitive functions, because humans deficient in neurotrypsin suffer from severe mental retardation. In the present study, we describe the biochemical characterization of neurotrypsin and its so far unique substrate agrin. In cell culture experiment as well as in neurotrypsin-deficient mice, we showed that agrin cleavage depends on neurotrypsin and occurs at two conserved sites. Neurotrypsin and agrin were expressed recombinantly, purified, and assayed in vitro. A catalytic efficiency of 1.3 x 10(4) M(-1) x s(-1) was determined. Neurotrypsin activity was shown to depend on calcium with an optimal activity in the pH range of 7-8.5. Mutagenesis analysis of the amino acids flanking the scissile bonds showed that cleavage is highly specific due to the unique substrate recognition pocket of neurotrypsin at the active site. The C-terminal agrin fragment released after cleavage has recently been identified as an inactivating ligand of the Na+/K+-ATPase at CNS synapses, and its binding has been demonstrated to regulate presynaptic excitability. Therefore, dysregulation of agrin processing is a good candidate for a pathogenetic mechanism underlying mental retardation. In turn, these results may also shed light on mechanisms involved in cognitive functions.

Pubmed ID: 17586728 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Agrin | Amino Acid Sequence | Animals | Catalysis | Cell Line | Humans | Hydrogen-Ion Concentration | Hydrolysis | Intellectual Disability | Mice | Mice, Transgenic | Molecular Sequence Data | Mutagenesis | Sequence Homology, Amino Acid | Serine Endopeptidases | Synapses

Research resources used in this publication

None found

Research tools detected in this publication

None found

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants


Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.

We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.