• Register
X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

X

Leaving Community

Are you sure you want to leave this community? Leaving the community will revoke any permissions you have been granted in this community.

No
Yes

Characterization of the physiological turnover of native and inactivated cytochromes P450 3A in cultured rat hepatocytes: a role for the cytosolic AAA ATPase p97?

Mammalian hepatic cytochromes P450 (P450s) are endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-anchored hemoproteins engaged in the metabolism of numerous xeno- and endobiotics. P450s exhibit widely ranging half-lives, utilizing both autophagic-lysosomal (ALD) and ubiquitin-dependent 26S proteasomal (UPD) degradation pathways. Although suicidally inactivated hepatic CYPs 3A and "native" CYP3A4 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae are degraded via UPD, the turnover of native hepatic CYPs 3A in their physiological milieu has not been elucidated. Herein, we characterize the degradation of native, dexamethasone-inducible CYPs 3A in cultured primary rat hepatocytes, using proteasomal (MG-132 and MG-262) and ALD [NH4Cl and 3-methyladenine (3-MA)] inhibitors to examine their specific degradation route. Pulse-chase with immunoprecipitation analyses revealed a basal 52% 35S-CYP3A loss over 6 h, which was stabilized by both proteasomal inhibitors. By contrast, no corresponding CYP3A stabilization was detected with either ALD inhibitor NH4Cl or 3-MA. Furthermore, MG-262-induced CYP3A stabilization was associated with its polyubiquitylation, thereby verifying that native CYPs 3A were also degraded via UPD. To identify the specific participants in this process, cellular proteins were cross-linked in situ with paraformaldehyde (PFA) in cultured hepatocytes. Immunoblotting analyses of CYP3A immunoprecipitates after PFA-cross-linking revealed the presence of p97, a cytosolic AAA ATPase instrumental in the extraction and delivery of ubiquitylated ER proteins for proteasomal degradation. Such native CYP3A-p97 interactions were greatly magnified after CYP3A suicidal inactivation (which accelerates UPD), and/or proteasomal inhibition, and were confirmed by proteomic and confocal immunofluorescence microscopic analyses. These findings clearly reveal that native CYPs 3A undergo UPD and implicate a role for p97 in this process.

Pubmed ID: 17550236

Authors

  • Faouzi S
  • Medzihradszky KF
  • Hefner C
  • Maher JJ
  • Correia MA

Journal

Biochemistry

Publication Data

July 3, 2007

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: DK26506
  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: GM44037
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: P30 DK026743
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: P30DK26743
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R01 DK026506
  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R01 DK026506-25
  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: R01 GM044037
  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: R01 GM044037-15
  • Agency: NCRR NIH HHS, Id: RR012961
  • Agency: NCRR NIH HHS, Id: RR01614

Mesh Terms

  • Adenine
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases
  • Ammonium Chloride
  • Animals
  • Autophagy
  • Boronic Acids
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cross-Linking Reagents
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
  • Dexamethasone
  • Dicarbethoxydihydrocollidine
  • Formaldehyde
  • Hepatocytes
  • Leupeptins
  • Lysosomes
  • Male
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Polymers
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Troleandomycin
  • Ubiquitin