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FoxOs are lineage-restricted redundant tumor suppressors and regulate endothelial cell homeostasis.

Activated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-AKT signaling appears to be an obligate event in the development of cancer. The highly related members of the mammalian FoxO transcription factor family, FoxO1, FoxO3, and FoxO4, represent one of several effector arms of PI3K-AKT signaling, prompting genetic analysis of the role of FoxOs in the neoplastic phenotypes linked to PI3K-AKT activation. While germline or somatic deletion of up to five FoxO alleles produced remarkably modest neoplastic phenotypes, broad somatic deletion of all FoxOs engendered a progressive cancer-prone condition characterized by thymic lymphomas and hemangiomas, demonstrating that the mammalian FoxOs are indeed bona fide tumor suppressors. Transcriptome and promoter analyses of differentially affected endothelium identified direct FoxO targets and revealed that FoxO regulation of these targets in vivo is highly context-specific, even in the same cell type. Functional studies validated Sprouty2 and PBX1, among others, as FoxO-regulated mediators of endothelial cell morphogenesis and vascular homeostasis.

Pubmed ID: 17254969


  • Paik JH
  • Kollipara R
  • Chu G
  • Ji H
  • Xiao Y
  • Ding Z
  • Miao L
  • Tothova Z
  • Horner JW
  • Carrasco DR
  • Jiang S
  • Gilliland DG
  • Chin L
  • Wong WH
  • Castrillon DH
  • DePinho RA



Publication Data

January 26, 2007

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: P01 CA095616
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: P01 CA117969
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: R01 CA084628
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: U01 CA084313

Mesh Terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Lineage
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Endothelial Cells
  • Forkhead Transcription Factors
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Hemangioma
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • Homeostasis
  • Lymphoma
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcription Factors
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins