We previously established a highly metastatic subline, LNM35, from the NCI-H460 lung cancer cell line, and demonstrated upregulation of a novel gene, CLCP1 (CUB, LCCL-homology, coagulation factor V/VIII homology domains protein), in LNM35 and lung cancer specimens. In this study, we focused on the potential roles of that gene in cancer metastasis. First, we established stable LNM35 RNAi clones, in which CLCP1 expression was suppressed by RNAi, and found that their motility was significantly reduced, although growth rates were not changed. Next, in vitro selection of a phage display library demonstrated that a phage clone displaying a peptide similar to a sequence within the Sema domain of semaphorin 4B (SEMA4B) interacted with LNM35. Immunoprecipitation experiments confirmed interaction of CLCP1 with SEMA4B, regulation of CLCP1 protein by ubiquitination and proteasome degradation enhanced in the presence of SEMA4B. These results are the first to indicate that CLCP1 plays a role in cell motility, whereas they also showed that at least one of its ligands is SEMA4B and that their interaction mediates proteasome degradation by CLCP1. Although the physiological role of the interaction between CLCP1 and SEMA4B remains to be investigated, this novel gene may become a target of therapy to inhibit metastasis of lung cancers.
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