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A genomic code for nucleosome positioning.

Eukaryotic genomes are packaged into nucleosome particles that occlude the DNA from interacting with most DNA binding proteins. Nucleosomes have higher affinity for particular DNA sequences, reflecting the ability of the sequence to bend sharply, as required by the nucleosome structure. However, it is not known whether these sequence preferences have a significant influence on nucleosome position in vivo, and thus regulate the access of other proteins to DNA. Here we isolated nucleosome-bound sequences at high resolution from yeast and used these sequences in a new computational approach to construct and validate experimentally a nucleosome-DNA interaction model, and to predict the genome-wide organization of nucleosomes. Our results demonstrate that genomes encode an intrinsic nucleosome organization and that this intrinsic organization can explain approximately 50% of the in vivo nucleosome positions. This nucleosome positioning code may facilitate specific chromosome functions including transcription factor binding, transcription initiation, and even remodelling of the nucleosomes themselves.

Pubmed ID: 16862119

Authors

  • Segal E
  • Fondufe-Mittendorf Y
  • Chen L
  • Thåström A
  • Field Y
  • Moore IK
  • Wang JP
  • Widom J

Journal

Nature

Publication Data

August 17, 2006

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: R01 CA119176
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: R01 CA119176-01

Mesh Terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly
  • DNA, Fungal
  • Genome, Fungal
  • Genomics
  • Nucleosomes
  • Response Elements
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Thermodynamics
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcription Initiation Site