Searching across hundreds of databases

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Profile and regulation of apolipoprotein E (ApoE) expression in the CNS in mice with targeting of green fluorescent protein gene to the ApoE locus.

To study the profile and regulation of apolipoprotein E (apoE) expression in the CNS, we generated mice in which apoE expression can be detected in vivo with unprecedented sensitivity and resolution. cDNA encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) with a stop codon was inserted by gene targeting into the apoE gene locus (EGFPapoE) immediately after the translation initiation site. Insertion of EGFP into one apoE allele provides a real-time location marker of apoE expression in vivo; the remaining allele is sufficient to maintain normal cellular physiology. In heterozygous EGFPapoE mice, EGFP was highly expressed in hepatocytes and peritoneal macrophages. EGFP was also expressed in brain astrocytes; however some astrocytes (approximately 25%) expressed no EGFP, suggesting that a subset of these cells does not express apoE. EGFP was expressed in <10% of microglia after kainic acid treatment, suggesting that microglia are not a major source of brain apoE. Although hippocampal neurons did not express EGFP under normal conditions, kainic acid treatment induced intense expression of EGFP in injured neurons, demonstrating apoE expression in neurons in response to excitotoxic injury. The neuronal expression was confirmed by in situ hybridization of mouse apoE mRNA and by anti-apoE immunostaining. Smooth muscle cells of large blood vessels and cells surrounding small vessels in the CNS also strongly expressed EGFP, as did cells in the choroid plexus. EGFPapoE reporter mice will be useful for studying the regulation of apoE expression in the CNS and might provide insights into the diverse mechanisms of apoE4-related neurodegeneration.

Pubmed ID: 16687490 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Apolipoproteins E | Brain | Gene Expression Profiling | Gene Expression Regulation | Gene Targeting | Green Fluorescent Proteins | Mice | Microscopy, Fluorescence | Neurons

Research resources used in this publication

None found

Research tools detected in this publication

None found

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants

  • Agency: NIA NIH HHS, Id: P01 AG022074
  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: R01 HL37063

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.

We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.