Gob-5 contributes to goblet cell hyperplasia and modulates pulmonary tissue inflammation.
Gob-5 is a member of the calcium-activated chloride channel family and has been associated with allergic response in mouse models of pulmonary inflammation. Gene expression of Gob-5 has been shown to be induced in allergic airways and has been strongly associated with mucin gene regulation and goblet cell hyperplasia. We investigated the physiologic role of Gob-5 in murine models of pulmonary inflammation using mice deficient in Gob-5. After sensitization and aerosol challenge with ovalbumin (OVA), Gob-5 knockout mice exhibit significantly increased bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) inflammation as compared with wild-type controls. The augmented inflammation in BAL consisted predominantly of neutrophils. Examination of perivascular inflammation revealed that tissue inflammation was decreased in OVA-challenged Gob-5-/- mice. OVA-challenged Gob-5 knockout mice also had decreased goblet cell hyperplasia as well as decreased mucus production. These mice also had decreased airway hypersensitivity after cholinergic provocation with methacholine. Gob-5 knockout mice were also challenged via intranasal LPS, a TLR-4 agonist. Gob-5-/- mice responded with increased neutrophilic BAL inflammation and decreased perivascular tissue inflammation as compared with wild-type controls. There was little effect on goblet cell hyperplasia and mucus production after LPS challenge. These observations reinforce findings that associate Gob-5 with goblet cell hyperplasia and mucus production in the allergic immune response, but also implicate Gob-5 in the regulation of tissue inflammation in the innate immune response.