Stimulation of cells with tumor necrosis factor (TNFalpha) triggers a recruitment of various signaling molecules, such as RIP, to the TNFalpha receptor 1 complex, leading to activation of NF-kappaB. Previous studies indicate that RIP plays an essential role for TNFalpha-induced NF-kappaB activation, but the molecular mechanism by which RIP mediates TNFalpha signals to activate NF-kappaB is not fully defined. Earlier studies suggest that RIP undergoes a ligand-dependent ubiquitination. However, it remains to be determined whether the ubiquitination of RIP is required for TNFalpha-induced NF-kappaB activation. In this study, we have identified Lys377 of RIP as the functional ubiquitination site, because mutating this residue to arginine completely abolished RIP-mediated NF-kappaB activation. The K377R mutation of RIP cannot undergo ligand-dependent ubiquitination and fails to recruit its downstream signaling components into the TNFalpha receptor 1 complex. Together, our studies provide the first genetic evidence that the ubiquitination of RIP is required for TNFalpha-induced NF-kappaB activation.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.