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HIF-2alpha regulates Oct-4: effects of hypoxia on stem cell function, embryonic development, and tumor growth.

Genes & development | Mar 1, 2006

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16510872

The division, differentiation, and function of stem cells and multipotent progenitors are influenced by complex signals in the microenvironment, including oxygen availability. Using a genetic "knock-in" strategy, we demonstrate that targeted replacement of the oxygen-regulated transcription factor HIF-1alpha with HIF-2alpha results in expanded expression of HIF-2alpha-specific target genes including Oct-4, a transcription factor essential for maintaining stem cell pluripotency. We show that HIF-2alpha, but not HIF-1alpha, binds to the Oct-4 promoter and induces Oct-4 expression and transcriptional activity, thereby contributing to impaired development in homozygous Hif-2alpha KI/KI embryos, defective hematopoietic stem cell differentiation in embryoid bodies, and large embryonic stem cell (ES)-derived tumors characterized by altered cellular differentiation. Furthermore, loss of HIF-2alpha severely reduces the number of embryonic primordial germ cells, which require Oct-4 expression for survival and/or maintenance. These results identify Oct-4 as a HIF-2alpha-specific target gene and indicate that HIF-2alpha can regulate stem cell function and/or differentiation through activation of Oct-4, which in turn contributes to HIF-2alpha's tumor promoting activity.

Pubmed ID: 16510872 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Alleles | Animals | Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors | Cell Hypoxia | Cell Transformation, Neoplastic | Down-Regulation | Embryonic Development | Female | Immunohistochemistry | Mice | Mice, Nude | Models, Genetic | Octamer Transcription Factor-3 | Pregnancy | RNA, Messenger | Stem Cells | Teratoma | Transforming Growth Factor alpha | Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A

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Associated grants

  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: HL66130

Mouse Genome Informatics (Data, Gene Annotation)

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