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The colorectal microRNAome.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs that have important regulatory roles in multicellular organisms. The public miRNA database contains 321 human miRNA sequences, 234 of which have been experimentally verified. To explore the possibility that additional miRNAs are present in the human genome, we have developed an experimental approach called miRNA serial analysis of gene expression (miRAGE) and used it to perform the largest experimental analysis of human miRNAs to date. Sequence analysis of 273,966 small RNA tags from human colorectal cells allowed us to identify 200 known mature miRNAs, 133 novel miRNA candidates, and 112 previously uncharacterized miRNA* forms. To aid in the evaluation of candidate miRNAs, we disrupted the Dicer locus in three human colorectal cancer cell lines and examined known and novel miRNAs in these cells. These studies suggest that the human genome contains many more miRNAs than currently identified and provide an approach for the large-scale experimental cloning of novel human miRNAs in human tissues.

Pubmed ID: 16505370


  • Cummins JM
  • He Y
  • Leary RJ
  • Pagliarini R
  • Diaz LA
  • Sjoblom T
  • Barad O
  • Bentwich Z
  • Szafranska AE
  • Labourier E
  • Raymond CK
  • Roberts BS
  • Juhl H
  • Kinzler KW
  • Vogelstein B
  • Velculescu VE


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Publication Data

March 7, 2006

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: CA057345

Mesh Terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Colon
  • Colorectal Neoplasms
  • DEAD-box RNA Helicases
  • Endoribonucleases
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Targeting
  • Genome, Human
  • Humans
  • MicroRNAs
  • Nucleic Acid Conformation
  • RNA Helicases
  • RNA, Neoplasm
  • Rectum
  • Ribonuclease III