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Progressive vascular smooth muscle cell defects in a mouse model of Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome.

Children with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) suffer from dramatic acceleration of some symptoms associated with normal aging, most notably cardiovascular disease that eventually leads to death from myocardial infarction and/or stroke usually in their second decade of life. For the vast majority of cases, a de novo point mutation in the lamin A (LMNA) gene is the cause of HGPS. This missense mutation creates a cryptic splice donor site that produces a mutant lamin A protein, termed "progerin," which carries a 50-aa deletion near its C terminus. We have created a mouse model for progeria by generating transgenics carrying a human bacterial artificial chromosome that harbors the common HGPS mutation. These mice develop progressive loss of vascular smooth muscle cells in the medial layer of large arteries, in a pattern very similar to that seen in children with HGPS. This mouse model should prove valuable for testing experimental therapies for this devastating disorder and for exploring cardiovascular disease in general.

Pubmed ID: 16492728


  • Varga R
  • Eriksson M
  • Erdos MR
  • Olive M
  • Harten I
  • Kolodgie F
  • Capell BC
  • Cheng J
  • Faddah D
  • Perkins S
  • Avallone H
  • San H
  • Qu X
  • Ganesh S
  • Gordon LB
  • Virmani R
  • Wight TN
  • Nabel EG
  • Collins FS


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Publication Data

February 28, 2006

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: HL-18645

Mesh Terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure
  • Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Disease Progression
  • Humans
  • Lamin Type A
  • Mice
  • Microscopy, Electron, Transmission
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
  • Myocytes, Smooth Muscle
  • Progeria
  • Transgenes