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Coactivation of Foxa2 through Pgc-1beta promotes liver fatty acid oxidation and triglyceride/VLDL secretion.

Cell metabolism | Feb 6, 2006

Forkhead transcription factor Foxa2 activates genes involved in hepatic lipid metabolism and is regulated by insulin. Activation of Foxa2 in the liver leads to increased oxidation and secretion of fatty acids in the form of triacylglycerols (TAGs), a process impaired in type 2 diabetes. Here, we demonstrate that Foxa2 is coactivated by PPARgamma coactivator beta (Pgc-1beta). Adenoviral expression of Foxa2 and Pgc-1beta in livers of ob/ob mice results in decreased hepatic TAG content and increased plasma TAG concentrations. In addition, the concerted action of Foxa2/Pgc-1beta activates genes in mitochondrial beta oxidation and enhances fatty acid metabolism. Furthermore, Foxa2/Pgc-1beta induce the expression of microsomal transfer protein, thereby increasing apoB-containing VLDL secretion. This process is inhibited by insulin through a Foxa2-dependent mechanism. These data demonstrate that Foxa2/Pgc-1beta regulate hepatic lipid homeostasis by affecting the clearance rate of fatty acids through oxidation and/or secretion of lipids in response to insulin.

Pubmed ID: 16459311 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Adenoviridae | Animals | Carrier Proteins | Cholesterol, VLDL | Chromatin Immunoprecipitation | Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel | Fatty Acids | Gene Expression Regulation | Genetic Vectors | Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-beta | Homeostasis | Immunoblotting | Immunoprecipitation | Insulin | Liver | Mice | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha | RNA Interference | RNA, Small Interfering | Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction | Trans-Activators | Transcription Factors | Triglycerides

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Associated grants

  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: 2 R01 DK55033-06
  • Agency: NHLBI NIH HHS, Id: U01 HL70524

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