Preparing your results

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Ablation of mouse phosphomannose isomerase (Mpi) causes mannose 6-phosphate accumulation, toxicity, and embryonic lethality.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16339137

MPI encodes phosphomannose isomerase, which interconverts fructose 6-phosphate and mannose 6-phosphate (Man-6-P), used for glycoconjugate biosynthesis. MPI mutations in humans impair protein glycosylation causing congenital disorder of glycosylation Ib (CDG-Ib), but oral mannose supplements normalize glycosylation. To establish a mannose-responsive mouse model for CDG-Ib, we ablated Mpi and provided dams with mannose to rescue the anticipated defective glycosylation. Surprisingly, although glycosylation was normal, Mpi(-/-) embryos died around E11.5. Mannose supplementation even hastened their death, suggesting that man-nose was toxic. Mpi(-/-) embryos showed growth retardation and placental hyperplasia. More than 90% of Mpi(-/-) embryos failed to form yolk sac vasculature, and 35% failed chorioallantoic fusion. We generated primary embryonic fibroblasts to investigate the mechanisms leading to embryonic lethality and found that mannose caused a concentration- and time-dependent accumulation of Man 6-P in Mpi(-/-) fibroblasts. In parallel, ATP decreased by more than 70% after 24 h compared with Mpi(+/+) controls. In cell lysates, Man-6-P inhibited hexokinase (70%), phosphoglucose isomerase (65%), and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (85%), but not phosphofructokinase. Incubating intact Mpi(-/-) fibroblasts with 2-[(3)H]deoxyglucose confirmed mannose-dependent hexokinase inhibition. Our results in vitro suggest that mannose toxicity in Mpi(-/-) embryos is caused by Man-6-P accumulation, which inhibits glucose metabolism and depletes intracellular ATP. This was confirmed in E10.5 Mpi(-/-) embryos where Man-6-P increased more than 10 times, and ATP decreased by 50% compared with Mpi(+/+) littermates. Because Mpi ablation is embryonic lethal, a murine CDG-Ib model will require hypomorphic Mpi alleles.

Pubmed ID: 16339137 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Adenosine Triphosphate | Animals | Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errors | Cells, Cultured | Embryo Loss | Embryo, Mammalian | Female | Fibroblasts | Gene Targeting | Genotype | Gestational Age | Hexokinase | Humans | Male | Mannose | Mannose-6-Phosphate Isomerase | Mannosephosphates | Mice | Mice, Knockout | Polysaccharides | Pregnancy

Research resources used in this publication

None found

Research tools detected in this publication

None found

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants

  • Agency: NIDDK NIH HHS, Id: R01 DK 065091
  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: R01 GM 55695

Mouse Genome Informatics (Data, Gene Annotation)

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.