Phosphorylated histone H2AX (gamma-H2AX) forms foci over large chromatin domains surrounding double-stranded DNA breaks (DSB). These foci recruit DSB repair proteins and dissolve during or after repair is completed. How gamma-H2AX is removed from chromatin remains unknown. Here, we show that protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is involved in removing gamma-H2AX foci. The PP2A catalytic subunit [PP2A(C)] and gamma-H2AX coimmunoprecipitate and colocalize in DNA damage foci and PP2A dephosphorylates gamma-H2AX in vitro. The recruitment of PP2A(C) to DNA damage foci is H2AX dependent. When PP2A(C) is inhibited or silenced by RNA interference, gamma-H2AX foci persist, DNA repair is inefficient, and cells are hypersensitive to DNA damage. The effect of PP2A on gamma-H2AX levels is independent of ATM, ATR, or DNA-PK activity.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.