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Long-term restoration of rod and cone vision by single dose rAAV-mediated gene transfer to the retina in a canine model of childhood blindness.

The short- and long-term effects of gene therapy using AAV-mediated RPE65 transfer to canine retinal pigment epithelium were investigated in dogs affected with disease caused by RPE65 deficiency. Results with AAV 2/2, 2/1, and 2/5 vector pseudotypes, human or canine RPE65 cDNA, and constitutive or tissue-specific promoters were similar. Subretinally administered vectors restored retinal function in 23 of 26 eyes, but intravitreal injections consistently did not. Photoreceptoral and postreceptoral function in both rod and cone systems improved with therapy. In dogs followed electroretinographically for 3 years, responses remained stable. Biochemical analysis of retinal retinoids indicates that mutant dogs have no detectable 11-cis-retinal, but markedly elevated retinyl esters. Subretinal AAV-RPE65 treatment resulted in detectable 11-cis-retinal expression, limited to treated areas. RPE65 protein expression was limited to retinal pigment epithelium of treated areas. Subretinal AAV-RPE65 vector is well tolerated and does not elicit high antibody levels to the vector or the protein in ocular fluids or serum. In long-term studies, wild-type cDNA is expressed only in target cells. Successful, stable restoration of rod and cone photoreceptor function in these dogs has important implications for treatment of human patients affected with Leber congenital amaurosis caused by RPE65 mutations.

Pubmed ID: 16226919 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Animals, Genetically Modified | Blindness | Blotting, Western | Carrier Proteins | Chromatography | DNA, Complementary | Dependovirus | Disease Models, Animal | Dogs | Electroretinography | Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay | Eye Proteins | Gene Deletion | Gene Transfer Techniques | Genetic Therapy | Genetic Vectors | Homozygote | Humans | Immunohistochemistry | Mutation | Promoter Regions, Genetic | Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells | Retinal Degeneration | Retinal Rod Photoreceptor Cells | Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction | Time Factors | Transgenes | cis-trans-Isomerases

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Associated grants

  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: EY 08061
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: EY 06855
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: R01 EY006855
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: EY 11123
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: R01 EY008061
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: EY 13385
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: R01 EY013132
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: R01 EY010820-11
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: U10 EY 13729
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: U10 EY013729
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: U10 EY013729-01
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: R01 EY011123
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: R01 EY010820-12
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: P30 EY021721
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: R01 EY010820
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: EY 13132
  • Agency: NEI NIH HHS, Id: R01 EY013385

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (Data, Disease Annotation)

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