Locus control regions (LCRs) are regulatory DNA sequences that are situated many kilobases away from their cognate promoters. LCRs protect transgenes from position effect variegation and heterochromatinization and also promote copy-number dependence of the levels of transgene expression. In this work, we describe the biochemical purification of a previously undescribed LCR-associated remodeling complex (LARC) that consists of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein C1/C2, nucleosome remodeling SWI/SNF, and nucleosome remodeling and deacetylating (NuRD)/MeCP1 as a single homogeneous complex. LARC binds to the hypersensitive 2 (HS2)-Maf recognition element (MARE) DNA in a sequence-specific manner and remodels nucleosomes. Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein C1/C2, previously known as a general RNA binding protein, provides a sequence-specific DNA recognition element for LARC, and the LARC DNA-recognition sequence is essential for the enhancement of transcription by HS2. Independently of the initiation of transcription, LARC becomes associated with beta-like globin promoters.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.