Zebrafish foggy/spt 5 is required for migration of facial branchiomotor neurons but not for their survival.
Transcript elongation is a critical step in the production of mature messenger RNAs. Many factors have been identified that are required for transcript elongation, including Spt 5. Studies in yeast determined that spt 5 is required for cell viability, and analyses in Drosophila indicate Spt 5 is localized to sites of active transcription, suggesting it is required generally for transcription. However, the requirement for spt 5 for cell viability in a metazoan organism has not been addressed. We determined that zebrafish foggy/spt 5 is required cell-autonomously for the posterior migration of facial branchiomotor neurons from rhombomere 4 (r4) into r6 and r7 of the hindbrain. These genetic mosaics also give us the unique opportunity to determine whether spt 5 is required for mRNA transcription equivalently at all loci by addressing two processes within the same cell-neuronal migration and cell viability. In a wild-type host, spt 5 null facial branchiomotor neurons survive to at least 5 days postfertilization while failing to migrate posteriorly. This finding indicates that spt 5-dependent transcript elongation is required cell-autonomously for a complex cell migration but not for the survival of these same cells. This work provides evidence that transcript elongation is not a global mechanism equivalently required by all loci and may actually be under more strict developmental regulation.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.