Gankyrin is an ankyrin repeat oncoprotein commonly overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinomas. Gankyrin interacts with the S6 proteasomal ATPase and accelerates the degradation of the tumor suppressor Rb. We show here that gankyrin has an antiapoptotic activity in cells exposed to DNA damaging agents. Downregulation of gankyrin induces apoptosis in cells with wild-type p53. In vitro and in vivo experiments revealed that gankyrin binds to Mdm2, facilitating p53-Mdm2 binding, and increases ubiquitylation and degradation of p53. Gankyrin also enhances Mdm2 autoubiquitylation in the absence of p53. Downregulation of gankyrin reduced amounts of Mdm2 and p53 associated with the 26S proteasome. Thus, gankyrin is a cofactor that increases the activities of Mdm2 on p53 and probably targets polyubiquitylated p53 into the 26S proteasome.
We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.
SciCrunch® is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch® will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to SciCrunch®, however this is not currently a free service.