Literature search services are currently unavailable. During our hosting provider's UPS upgrade we experienced a hardware failure and are currently working to resolve the issue.

Preparing your results

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Multiple mechanisms confining RNA polymerase II ubiquitylation to polymerases undergoing transcriptional arrest.

In order to study mechanisms and regulation of RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) ubiquitylation and degradation, highly purified factors were used to reconstitute RNAPII ubiquitylation in vitro. We show that arrested RNAPII elongation complexes are the preferred substrates for ubiquitylation. Accordingly, not only DNA-damage-dependent but also DNA-damage-independent transcriptional arrest results in RNAPII ubiquitylation in vivo. Def1, known to be required for damage-induced degradation of RNAPII, stimulates ubiquitylation of RNAPII only in an elongation complex. Ubiquitylation of RNAPII is dependent on its C-terminal repeat domain (CTD). Moreover, CTD phosphorylation at serine 5, a hallmark of the initiating polymerase, but not at serine 2, a hallmark of the elongating polymerase, completely inhibits ubiquitylation. In agreement with this, ubiquitylated RNAPII is hypophosphorylated at serine 5 in vivo, and mutation of the serine 5 phosphatase SSU72 inhibits RNAPII degradation. These results identify several mechanisms that confine ubiquitylation of RNAPII to the forms of the enzyme that arrest during elongation.

Pubmed ID: 15960978