Structural basis for origin recognition complex 1 protein-silence information regulator 1 protein interaction in epigenetic silencing.
The interaction between silence information regulator 1 protein (Sir1p) and origin recognition complex 1 protein (Orc1p), the largest subunit of the origin recognition complex, plays an important role in the establishment of transcriptional silencing at the cryptic mating-type gene loci in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Sir1p binds the N-terminal region of Orc1p encompassing a Bromo-adjacent homology (BAH) domain found in various chromatin-associated proteins. To understand the molecular mechanism of Sir protein recruitment, we have determined a 2.5-A cocrystal structure of the N-terminal domain of Orc1p in complex with the Orc1p-interacting domain of Sir1p. The structure reveals that Sir1p Orc1p-interacting domain has a bilobal structure: an alpha/beta N-terminal lobe and a C-terminal lobe resembling the Tudor domain royal family fold. The N-terminal lobe of Sir1p binds in a shallow groove between a helical subdomain and the BAH domain of Orc1p. The structure provides a mechanistic understanding of Orc1p-Sir1p interaction specificity, as well as insights into protein-protein interactions involving BAH domains in general.
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