Preparing your results

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

IL-2 increases human telomerase reverse transcriptase activity transcriptionally and posttranslationally through phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase/Akt, heat shock protein 90, and mammalian target of rapamycin in transformed NK cells.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15843522

Human telomerase activity is induced by Ag receptor ligation in T and B cells. However, it is unknown whether telomerase activity is increased in association with activation and proliferation of NK cells. We found that telomerase activity in a human NK cell line (NK-92), which requires IL-2 for proliferation, was increased within 24 h after stimulation with IL-2. Levels of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) mRNA and protein correlated with telomerase activity. ERK1/2 and Akt kinase (Akt) were activated by IL-2 stimulation. LY294002, an inhibitor of PI3K, abolished expression of hTERT mRNA and protein expression and abolished hTERT activity, whereas PD98059, which inhibits MEK1/2 and thus ERK1/2, had no effect. In addition, radicicol, an inhibitor of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), and rapamycin, an inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), blocked IL-2-induced hTERT activity and nuclear translocation of hTERT but not hTERT mRNA expression. hTERT was coimmunoprecipitated with Akt, Hsp90, mTOR, and p70 S6 kinase (S6K), suggesting that these molecules form a physical complex. Immunoprecipitates of Akt, Hsp90, mTOR, and S6K from IL-2-stimulated NK-92 cells contained telomerase activity. Furthermore, the findings that Hsp90 and mTOR immunoprecipitates from primary samples contained telomerase activity are consistent with the results from NK-92 cells. These results indicate that IL-2 stimulation induces hTERT activation and that the mechanism of IL-2-induced hTERT activation involves transcriptional or posttranslational regulation through the pathway including PI3K/Akt, Hsp90, mTOR, and S6K in NK cells.

Pubmed ID: 15843522 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Cell Line, Transformed | Chromones | DNA-Binding Proteins | Enzyme Inhibitors | Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases | Flavonoids | HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins | Humans | Interleukin-2 | Killer Cells, Natural | Lactones | Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell | Leukemia, Lymphoid | Lymphocyte Activation | Macrolides | Morpholines | Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases | Protein Kinases | Protein Processing, Post-Translational | Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases | Proto-Oncogene Proteins | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt | RNA-Directed DNA Polymerase | Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa | Sirolimus | TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases | Telomerase | Transcription, Genetic

Research resources used in this publication

None found

Research tools detected in this publication

None found

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants

None

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.