Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha is a short-lived protein and is ubiquitinated and degraded through the von Hippel-Lindau protein (pVHL)-E3 ubiquitin ligase pathway at normoxia. Deubiquitination, by reversing ubiquitination, has been recognized as an important regulatory step in ubiquitination-related processes. Here, we show that pVHL-interacting deubiquitinating enzyme 2, VDU2, but not VDU1, interacts with HIF-1alpha. VDU2 can specifically deubiquitinate and stabilize HIF-1alpha and, therefore, increase expression of HIF-1alpha targeted genes, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). These findings suggest that ubiquitination of HIF-1alpha is a dynamic process and that ubiquitinated HIF-1alpha might be rescued from degradation by VDU2 through deubiquitination. Although pVHL functions as a master control for HIF-1alpha stabilization, as pVHL-E3 ligase mediates the ubiquitination of both HIF-1alpha and VDU2, the balance between the pVHL-mediated ubiquitination and VDU2-mediated deubiquitination of HIF-1alpha provides another level of control for HIF-1alpha stabilization.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.