RAS is regulated by the let-7 microRNA family.
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulatory RNAs found in multicellular eukaryotes, including humans, where they are implicated in cancer. The let-7 miRNA times seam cell terminal differentiation in C. elegans. Here we show that the let-7 family negatively regulates let-60/RAS. Loss of let-60/RAS suppresses let-7, and the let-60/RAS 3'UTR contains multiple let-7 complementary sites (LCSs), restricting reporter gene expression in a let-7-dependent manner. mir-84, a let-7 family member, is largely absent in vulval precursor cell P6.p at the time that let-60/RAS specifies the 1 degrees vulval fate in that cell, and mir-84 overexpression suppresses the multivulva phenotype of activating let-60/RAS mutations. The 3'UTRs of the human RAS genes contain multiple LCSs, allowing let-7 to regulate RAS expression. let-7 expression is lower in lung tumors than in normal lung tissue, while RAS protein is significantly higher in lung tumors, providing a possible mechanism for let-7 in cancer.
Pubmed ID: 15766527 RIS Download
3' Untranslated Regions | Animals | Caenorhabditis elegans | Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins | Carcinoma | Cell Differentiation | Cell Lineage | Cell Transformation, Neoplastic | Down-Regulation | Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental | Genes, Reporter | HeLa Cells | Humans | Lung Neoplasms | MicroRNAs | Molecular Sequence Data | ras Proteins