Transcriptional regulation by a DNA-associated form of cyclin D1.
Besides its function as a cell cycle regulator, cyclin D1 interacts with transcription factors to regulate gene activation. In this study, we show that cyclin D1 is recruited to the p21waf1 promoter by a STAT3-NcoA complex. The association of cyclin D1 with DNA prevented the recruitment of the CBP histone acetylase and RNA polymerase II, leading to an inhibition of the p21waf1 gene. Confirming the transcriptional function of the protein, the expression of the p21waf1 gene was enhanced in cyclin D1-/- fibroblasts or upon siRNA-mediated down-regulation of the cyclin. Moreover, the STAT3-mediated activation of p21waf1 was also inhibited in breast cancer cells containing elevated levels of cyclin D1. Altogether, these results suggest that the transcriptional activities of cyclin D1 might play an important role in the regulation of cell-cycle regulatory genes and that these functions are probably involved in cell transformation.