Searching across hundreds of databases

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

MRE11 mutations and impaired ATM-dependent responses in an Italian family with ataxia-telangiectasia-like disorder.

Human molecular genetics | Sep 15, 2004

Hypomorphic mutations of the MRE11 gene are the hallmark of the radiosensitive ataxia-telangiectasia-like disorder (ATLD). Here, we describe a new family with two affected siblings, ATLD5 and ATLD6, now aged 37 and 36, respectively. They presented with late onset cerebellar degeneration slowly progressing until puberty and absence of telangiectasias, and were cancer-free. Both patients were wild-type for ATM and NBS1, but compound heterozygotes for MRE11 gene mutations [1422C-->A, T481K; 1714C-->T, R571X]. The 1422C-->A allele was inherited from the mother, whereas the 1714C-->T, allele paternally inherited, was apparently null as a result of nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). Interestingly, the 1714C-->T mutation is the same as previously identified in an unrelated English ATLD family (probands ATLD3 and ATLD4), suggesting an important role for NMD in saving potentially lethal mutations. Lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) derived from ATLD5 and ATLD6 were normal for ATM, but defective for Mre11, Rad50 and Nbs1 (the MRN complex) protein expression. Their response to gamma-radiation was abnormal, as evidenced by the enhanced radiosensitivity, attenuated autophosphorylation of ATM-S1981 and phosphorylation of the ATM targets p53-S15 and Smc1-S966, failure to form Mre11 nuclear foci and defective G1 checkpoint arrest. The fibroblasts, but not LCLs, from ATLD5 and ATLD6 showed an impaired ATM-dependent Chk2 phosphorylation. These findings further underscore the interconnection between ATM activity and MRN function, which rationalizes the clinical similarity between ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) and ATLD.

Pubmed ID: 15269180 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Adult | Alleles | Ataxia Telangiectasia | Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated Proteins | Cell Cycle | Cell Cycle Proteins | Cell Nucleus | Cells, Cultured | Checkpoint Kinase 2 | DNA Mutational Analysis | DNA-Binding Proteins | Female | Fibroblasts | Heterozygote | Humans | Italy | Lymphocytes | Male | Mutation | Nuclear Proteins | Phosphorylation | Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases | Tumor Suppressor Proteins

Research resources used in this publication

None found

Research tools detected in this publication

None found

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants

  • Agency: Telethon, Id: E.0764
  • Agency: Telethon, Id: GP0205Y01

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.

We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.