Chk1 is haploinsufficient for multiple functions critical to tumor suppression.
The haploinsufficient tumor suppressor Chk1 is essential for embryonic cells, but the consequences of Chk1 loss in adult tissues are unknown. Using conditional Chk1 mice, we find that proliferating mammary cells lacking Chk1 undergo apoptosis leading to developmental defects. Conditional Chk1 heterozygosity increased the number of S phase cells and caused spontaneous DNA damage. Chk1+/- epithelia also exhibit a miscoordinated cell cycle in which S phase cells display an early mitotic phenotype. These cells maintain high levels of Cdc25A, which can promote inappropriate cell cycle transitions. Thus, Chk1 heterozygosity results in three distinct haploinsufficient phenotypes that can contribute to tumorigenesis: inappropriate S phase entry, accumulation of DNA damage during replication, and failure to restrain mitotic entry.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.