Topors functions as an E3 ubiquitin ligase with specific E2 enzymes and ubiquitinates p53.
The human topoisomerase I- and p53-binding protein topors contains a highly conserved, N-terminal C3HC4-type RING domain that is homologous to the RING domains of known E3 ubiquitin ligases. We demonstrate that topors functions in vitro as a RING-dependent E3 ubiquitin ligase with the E2 enzymes UbcH5a, UbcH5c, and UbcH6 but not with UbcH7, CDC34, or UbcH2b. Additional studies indicate that a conserved tryptophan within the topors RING domain is required for ubiquitination activity. Furthermore, both in vitro and cellular studies implicate p53 as a ubiquitination substrate for topors. Similar to MDM2, overexpression of topors results in a proteasome-dependent decrease in p53 protein expression in a human osteosarcoma cell line. These results are similar to the recent finding that a Drosophila topors orthologue ubiquitinates the Hairy transcriptional repressor and suggest that topors functions as a ubiquitin ligase for multiple transcription factors.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.