Novel targeted deregulation of c-Myc cooperates with Bcl-X(L) to cause plasma cell neoplasms in mice.
Deregulated expression of both Myc and Bcl-X(L) are consistent features of human plasma cell neoplasms (PCNs). To investigate whether targeted expression of Myc and Bcl-X(L) in mouse plasma cells might lead to an improved model of human PCN, we generated Myc transgenics by inserting a single-copy histidine-tagged mouse Myc gene, Myc(His), into the mouse Ig heavy-chain Calpha locus. We also generated Bcl-X(L) transgenic mice that contain a multicopy Flag-tagged mouse Bcl-x(Flag) transgene driven by the mouse Ig kappa light-chain 3' enhancer. Single-transgenic Bcl-X(L) mice remained tumor free by 380 days of age, whereas single-transgenic Myc mice developed B cell tumors infrequently (4 of 43, 9.3%). In contrast, double-transgenic Myc/Bcl-X(L) mice developed plasma cell tumors with short onset (135 days on average) and full penetrance (100% tumor incidence). These tumors produced monoclonal Ig, infiltrated the bone marrow, and contained elevated amounts of Myc(His) and Bcl-X(L)(Flag) proteins compared with the plasma cells that accumulated in large numbers in young tumor-free Myc/Bcl-X(L) mice. Our findings demonstrate that the enforced expression of Myc and Bcl-X(L) by Ig enhancers with peak activity in plasma cells generates a mouse model of human PCN that recapitulates some features of human multiple myeloma.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.