• Register
X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

X

Leaving Community

Are you sure you want to leave this community? Leaving the community will revoke any permissions you have been granted in this community.

No
Yes

The sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors S1P1, S1P2, and S1P3 function coordinately during embryonic angiogenesis.

Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) elicits diverse cellular responses through a family of G-protein-coupled receptors. We have shown previously that genetic disruption of the S1P(1) receptor, the most widely expressed of the family, results in embryonic lethality because of its key role within endothelial cells in regulating the coverage of blood vessels by vascular smooth muscle cells. To understand the physiologic functions of the two other widely expressed S1P receptors, we generated S1P(2) and S1P(3) null mice. Neither the S1P(2) null mice nor the S1P(3) null mice exhibited significant embryonic lethality or obvious phenotypic abnormalities. To unmask possible overlapping or collaborative functions between the S1P(1), S1P(2), and S1P(3) receptors, we examined embryos with multiple S1P receptor mutations. We found that S1P(1) S1P(2) double null and S1P(1) S1P(2) S1P(3) triple null embryos displayed a substantially more severe vascular phenotype than did embryos with only S1P(1) deleted. We also found partial embryonic lethality and vascular abnormalities in S1P(2) S1P(3) double null embryos. Our results indicate that the S1P(1), S1P(2) and S1P(3) receptors have redundant or cooperative functions for the development of a stable and mature vascular system during embryonic development.

Pubmed ID: 15138255

Authors

  • Kono M
  • Mi Y
  • Liu Y
  • Sasaki T
  • Allende ML
  • Wu YP
  • Yamashita T
  • Proia RL

Journal

The Journal of biological chemistry

Publication Data

July 9, 2004

Associated Grants

None

Mesh Terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Vessels
  • Embryo, Mammalian
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Hemorrhage
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic
  • Phenotype
  • Pregnancy
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Receptors, Lysophospholipid