Cyclin C/cdk3 promotes Rb-dependent G0 exit.
G0 is a physiological state occupied by resting or terminally differentiated cells that have exited the cell cycle. In contrast to the well-characterized cyclin/cdk-mediated inactivation of pRb that controls the G1/S transition, little is known about regulation of the G0/G1 transition. However, pRb is likely to participate in this process because its acute somatic inactivation is sufficient for G0-arrested cells to re-enter the cell cycle. One physiological regulator of this event may be cyclin C because its highest mRNA levels occur during G0 exit. Here we show that a non-cdk8-associated cellular pool of cyclin C combines with cdk3 to stimulate pRb phosphorylation at S807/811 during the G0/G1 transition, and that this phosphorylation is required for cells to exit G0 efficiently. Thus, G1 entry is regulated in an analogous fashion to S phase entry, but involves a distinct cyclin/cdk combination.
Pubmed ID: 15084261 RIS Download
Cell Cycle | Cyclin C | Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 3 | Cyclin-Dependent Kinases | Cyclins | G0 Phase | G1 Phase | Humans | Phosphorylation | RNA, Messenger | Retinoblastoma Protein | Serine | Tumor Cells, Cultured