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Intestinal inflammation in mice deficient in Tir8, an inhibitory member of the IL-1 receptor family.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14993616

TIR8, also known as single Ig IL-1-related receptor, is a member of the IL-1 receptor/Toll-like receptor (TLR) superfamily, which acts as an intracellular decoy for components of the signaling pathway. Here we report that Tir8 has a unique pattern of expression, which includes mucosal tissues and dendritic cells (DC). Tir8-deficient DC showed increased cytokine production in response to TLR agonists (lipopolysaccharide, CpG oligodeoxynucleotides). Tir8-deficient mice had normal susceptibility to systemic lipopolysaccharide toxicity and to i.p. or s.c. inflammation. However, Tir8-deficient mice were more susceptible to intestinal inflammation. Thus, TIR8 represents a negative pathway of regulation of the IL-1 receptor/TLR system, expressed in epithelial cells and DC, crucial for tuning inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract.

Pubmed ID: 14993616 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Chemokines | Cytokines | Dendritic Cells | Enteritis | Intestinal Mucosa | Lipopolysaccharides | Membrane Glycoproteins | Mice | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Mice, Knockout | RNA, Messenger | Receptors, Cell Surface | Receptors, Interleukin-1 | Toll-Like Receptors

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Mouse Genome Informatics (Data, Gene Annotation)

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