The atypical PKC-interacting protein p62 is an important mediator of RANK-activated osteoclastogenesis.
The atypical PKCs (aPKCs) have been implicated genetically in at least two independent signaling cascades that control NF-kappa B and cell polarity, through the interaction with the adapters p62 and Par-6, respectively. P62 binds TRAF6, which plays an essential role in osteoclastogenesis and bone remodeling. Recently, p62 mutations have been shown to be the cause of the 5q35-linked Paget's disease of bone, a genetic disorder characterized by aberrant osteoclastic activity. Here we show that p62, like TRAF6, is upregulated during RANK-L-induced osteoclastogenesis and that the genetic inactivation of p62 in mice leads to impaired osteoclastogenesis in vitro and in vivo, as well as inhibition of IKK activation and NF-kappa B nuclear translocation. In addition, RANK-L stimulation leads to the inducible formation of a ternary complex involving TRAF6, p62, and the aPKCs. These observations demonstrate that p62 is an important mediator during osteoclastogenesis and induced bone remodeling.