CMRF-35-like molecule-1, a novel mouse myeloid receptor, can inhibit osteoclast formation.
By homology to triggering receptor expressed by myeloid cells-2, we screened the mouse expressed sequence tag database and isolated a new single Ig domain receptor, which we have expressed and characterized. The receptor is most similar in sequence to the human CMRF-35 receptor, and thus we have named it CMRF-35-like molecule (CLM)-1. By screening the mouse genome, we determined that CLM-1 was part of a multigene family located on a small segment of mouse chromosome 11. Each contains a single Ig domain, and they are expressed mainly in cells of the myeloid lineage. CLM-1 contains multiple cytoplasmic tyrosine residues, including two that lie in consensus immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs, and we demonstrate that CLM-1 can associate with Src-homology 2 containing phosphatase-1. Expression of CLM-1 mRNA is down-regulated by treatment with receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL), a cytokine that drives osteoclast formation. Furthermore, expression of CLM-1 in the osteoclastogenic cell line RAW (RAW.CLM-1) prevents osteoclastogenesis induced by RANKL and TGF-beta. RAW.CLM-1 cells fail to multinucleate and do not up-regulate calcitonin receptor, but they express tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, cathepsin K, and beta(3) integrin, suggesting that osteoclastogenesis is blocked at a late-intermediate stage. Thus, we define a new family of myeloid receptors, and demonstrate that the first member of this family, CLM-1, is an inhibitory receptor, able to block osteoclastogenesis.
Pubmed ID: 14662855 RIS Download
Amino Acid Sequence | Animals | Antigens, Surface | Cell Differentiation | Cell Line | Cell Line, Tumor | Cloning, Molecular | Growth Inhibitors | Immunoglobulins | Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins | Leukemia P388 | Membrane Glycoproteins | Membrane Proteins | Mice | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Molecular Sequence Data | Multigene Family | Myeloid Cells | Osteoclasts | Protein Phosphatase 1 | Protein Structure, Tertiary | Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 6 | Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases | Receptors, Immunologic | Sequence Homology, Amino Acid