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Regulation of BRCC, a holoenzyme complex containing BRCA1 and BRCA2, by a signalosome-like subunit and its role in DNA repair.

We have isolated a holoenzyme complex termed BRCC containing BRCA1, BRCA2, and RAD51. BRCC not only displays increased association with p53 following DNA damage but also ubiquitinates p53 in vitro. BRCC36 and BRCC45 are novel components of the complex with sequence homology to a subunit of the signalosome and proteasome complexes. Reconstitution of a recombinant four-subunit complex containing BRCA1/BARD1/BRCC45/BRCC36 revealed an enhanced E3 ligase activity compared to that of BRCA1/BARD1 heterodimer. In vivo, depletion of BRCC36 and BRCC45 by the small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) resulted in increased sensitivity to ionizing radiation and defects in G2/M checkpoint. BRCC36 shows aberrant expression in sporadic breast tumors. These findings identify BRCC as a ubiquitin E3 ligase complex that enhances cellular survival following DNA damage.

Pubmed ID: 14636569


  • Dong Y
  • Hakimi MA
  • Chen X
  • Kumaraswamy E
  • Cooch NS
  • Godwin AK
  • Shiekhattar R


Molecular cell

Publication Data

November 25, 2003

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: CA90758-02
  • Agency: NCI NIH HHS, Id: P50 CA83638

Mesh Terms

  • BRCA1 Protein
  • BRCA2 Protein
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cell Line
  • DNA Damage
  • DNA Repair
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Protein Subunits
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Rad51 Recombinase
  • Radiation, Ionizing
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • Ubiquitin
  • Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases