The insulin receptor substrate-2 (Irs2) branch of the insulin/IGF signaling system coordinates peripheral insulin action and pancreatic beta cell function, so mice lacking Irs2 display similarities to humans with type 2 diabetes. Here we show that beta cell-specific expression of Irs2 at a low or a high level delivered a graded physiologic response that promoted beta cell growth, survival, and insulin secretion that prevented diabetes in Irs2-/- mice, obese mice, and streptozotocin-treated mice; and that upon transplantation, the transgenic islets cured diabetes more effectively than WT islets. Thus, pharmacological approaches that promote Irs2 expression in beta cells, especially specific cAMP agonists, could be rational treatments for beta cell failure and diabetes.
We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to SciCrunch, however this is not currently a free service.