• Register
X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

X

Leaving Community

Are you sure you want to leave this community? Leaving the community will revoke any permissions you have been granted in this community.

No
Yes

Replication protein A-mediated recruitment and activation of Rad17 complexes.

The human Rad17-Rfc2-5 and Rad9-Rad1-Hus1 complexes play crucial roles in the activation of the ATR-mediated DNA damage and DNA replication stress response pathways. In response to DNA damage, Rad9 is recruited to chromatin in a Rad17-dependent manner in human cells. However, the DNA structures recognized by the Rad17-Rfc2-5 complex during the damage response have not been defined. Here, we show that replication protein A (RPA) stimulates the binding of the Rad17-Rfc2-5 complex to single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), primed ssDNA, and a gapped DNA structure. Furthermore, RPA facilitates the recruitment of the Rad9-Rad1-Hus1 complex by the Rad17-Rfc2-5 complex to primed and gapped DNA structures in vitro. These findings suggest that RPA-coated ssDNA is an important part of the structures recognized by the Rad17-Rfc2-5 complex. Unlike replication factor C (RFC), which uses the 3' primer/template junction to recruit proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), the Rad17-Rfc2-5 complex can use both the 5' and the 3' primer/template junctions to recruit the Rad9-Rad1-Hus1 complex, and it shows a preference for gapped DNA structures. These results explain how the Rad17-Rfc2-5 complex senses DNA damage and DNA replication stress to initiate checkpoint signaling.

Pubmed ID: 14605214

Authors

  • Zou L
  • Liu D
  • Elledge SJ

Journal

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Publication Data

November 25, 2003

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NIGMS NIH HHS, Id: GM44664

Mesh Terms

  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • DNA Damage
  • DNA Replication
  • DNA, Single-Stranded
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Models, Biological
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Replication Protein A
  • Replication Protein C
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae