STAM proteins bind ubiquitinated proteins on the early endosome via the VHS domain and ubiquitin-interacting motif.
Conjugation with ubiquitin acts as a sorting signal for proteins in the endocytic and biosynthetic pathways at the endosome. Signal-transducing adaptor molecule (STAM) proteins, STAM1 and STAM2, are associated with hepatocyte growth factor-regulated substrate (Hrs) but their function remains unknown. Herein, we show that STAM proteins bind ubiquitin and ubiquitinated proteins and that the tandemly located VHS (Vps27/Hrs/STAM) domain and ubiquitin-interacting motif serve as the binding site(s). STAM proteins colocalize with Hrs on the early endosome. Overexpression of STAM proteins, but not their mutants lacking the ubiquitin-binding activity, causes the accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins and ligand-activated epidermal growth factor receptor on the early endosome. These results suggest that through interaction with ubiquitinated cargo proteins on the early endosome via the VHS domain and ubiquitin-interacting motif, STAM proteins participate in the sorting of cargo proteins for trafficking to the lysosome.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.