Preparing your results

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Suppression of Tousled-like kinase activity after DNA damage or replication block requires ATM, NBS1 and Chk1.

Oncogene | Sep 4, 2003

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12955071

The human Tousled-like kinases 1 and 2 (TLK) have been shown to be active during S phase of the cell cycle. TLK activity is rapidly suppressed by DNA damage and by inhibitors of replication. Here we report that the signal transduction pathway, which leads to transient suppression of TLK activity after the induction of double-strand breaks (DSBs) in the DNA, is dependent on the presence of a functional ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated kinase (ATM). Interestingly, we have discovered that rapid suppression of TLK activity after low doses of ultraviolet (UV) irradiation or aphidicolin-induced replication block is also ATM-dependent. The nature of the signal that triggers ATM-dependent downregulation of TLK activity after UVC and replication block remains unknown, but it is not due exclusively to DSBs in the DNA. We also demonstrate that TLK suppression is dependent on the presence of a functional Nijmegan Breakage Syndrome protein (NBS1). ATM-dependent phosphorylation of NBS1 is required for the suppression of TLK activity, indicating a role for NBS1 as an adaptor or scaffold in the ATM/TLK pathway. ATM does not phosphorylate TLK directly to regulate its activity, but Chk1 does phosphorylate TLK1 GST-fusion proteins in vitro. Using Chk1 siRNAs, we show that Chk1 is essential for the suppression of TLK activity after replication block, but that ATR, Chk2 and BRCA1 are dispensable for TLK suppression. Overall, we propose that ATM activation is not linked solely to DSBs and that ATM participates in initiating signaling pathways in response to replication block and UV-induced DNA damage.

Pubmed ID: 12955071 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Aphidicolin | Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated Proteins | Cell Cycle Proteins | Cells, Cultured | DNA Damage | DNA Replication | DNA-Binding Proteins | Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation | Enzyme Activation | Gamma Rays | Glutathione Transferase | Humans | Nuclear Proteins | Phosphorylation | Protein Kinases | Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases | RNA, Small Interfering | Radiation, Ionizing | Recombinant Fusion Proteins | Serine | Signal Transduction | Tumor Suppressor Proteins | Ultraviolet Rays

Research resources used in this publication

None found

Research tools detected in this publication

None found

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants

None

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.