Lathosterol 5-desaturase catalyzes the conversion of lathosterol to 7-dehydrocholesterol in the next to last step of cholesterol synthesis. Inborn errors of cholesterol synthesis underlie a group of human malformation syndromes including Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome, desmosterolosis, CHILD syndrome, CDPX2 and lathosterolosis. We disrupted the lathosterol 5-desaturase gene (Sc5d ) in order to further our understanding of the pathophysiological processes underlying these disorders and to gain insight into the corresponding human disorder. Sc5d (-/-) pups were stillborn, had elevated lathosterol and decreased cholesterol levels, had craniofacial defects including cleft palate and micrognathia, and limb patterning defects. Many of the malformations found in Sc5d (-/-) mice are consistent with impaired hedgehog signaling, and appear to be a result of decreased cholesterol rather than increased lathosterol. A patient initially described as atypical SLOS with mucolipidosis was shown to have lathosterolosis by biochemical and molecular analysis. We identified a homozygous mutation of SC5D (137A>C, Y46S) in this patient. An unique aspect of the lathosterolosis phenotype is the combination of a malformation syndrome with an intracellular storage defect.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.