Preparing your results

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

A very long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase-deficient mouse and its relevance to X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy.

Human molecular genetics | May 15, 2003

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12719378

X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a neurodegenerative and endocrine disorder resulting from mutations in ABCD1 which encodes a peroxisomal membrane protein in the ATP binding cassette superfamily. The biochemical signature of X-ALD is increased levels of saturated very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA; carbon chains of 22 or more) in tissues and plasma that has been associated with decreased peroxisomal very long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase (VLCS) activity and decreased peroxisomal VLCFA beta-oxidation. It has been hypothesized that ABCD1, which has no demonstrable VLCS activity itself, has an indirect effect on peroxisomal VLCS activity and VLCFA beta-oxidation by transporting fatty acid substrates, VLCS protein or some required co-factor into peroxisomes. Here we report the characterization of a Vlcs knockout mouse that exhibits decreased peroxisomal VLCS activity and VLCFA beta-oxidation but does not accumulate VLCFA. The XALD/Vlcs double knockout mouse has the biochemical abnormalities observed in the individual knockout mice but does not display a more severe X-ALD phenotype. These data lead us to conclude that (1) VLCFA levels are independent of peroxisomal fatty acid beta-oxidation, (2) there is no ABCD1/VLCS interaction and (3) the common severe forms of X-ALD cannot be modeled by decreasing peroxisomal VLCS activity in the XALD mouse.

Pubmed ID: 12719378 RIS Download

Mesh terms: ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters | Adrenoleukodystrophy | Animals | Brain | Coenzyme A Ligases | Fatty Acids | Humans | Kidney | Liver | Mice | Mice, Knockout | Repressor Proteins | Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins

Research resources used in this publication

None found

Research tools detected in this publication

None found

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants

None

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.