In previous overexpression studies we revealed a role for the lysosomal membrane protein LIMP-2/LGP85 in lysosomal biogenesis. LIMP-2-deficient mice show an increased postnatal mortality which is associated with a development of a uni- or bilateral hydronephrosis caused by an obstruction of the ureteropelvic junction. An accumulation of lysosomes in epithelial cells of the ureter adjacent to the ureteral lumen and a disturbed apical expression of uroplakin was observed, suggesting an impairment of membrane transport processes. Serious hearing impairment in LIMP-2-deficient animals was indicated by deficits in acoustic startle responses, in brainstem evoked auditory potentials and a reduced endochondral potential. LIMP-2-deficient mice suffer from a massive decline of spiral ganglia in the cochlea concomitant with that of the inner and outer hair cells. These pathological changes begin at the age of 3 months and are probably secondary to a degeneration of the stria vascularis. LIMP-2-deficient mice are also characterized by a peripheral demyelinating neuropathy. Demyelinization was found to be associated with a massive loss of peripheral myelin proteins and an increased activity and expression of lysosomal proteins highlighting a hitherto unknown role of the lysosomal compartment in the development of this myelination disorder. The phenotype of LIMP-2-deficient mice stimulates the search for mutations in human disorders associated with degeneration of the stria vascularis and/or demyelinization of peripheral nerves.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.