PURPOSE: This study assesses the impact of rat multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2) on the biliary excretion and oral absorption of furosemide, probenecid, and methotrexate using Eisai hyperbilirubinemic rats (EHBR). METHODS: To assess Mrp2-mediated biliary excretion, rats received a 2-h intravenous infusion of furosemide, probenecid, or methotrexate. Blood and bile samples were collected at specified intervals. To assess Mrp2's impact on oral absorption, rats received furosemide, probenecid, or methotrexate orally at 5 mg/kg. Jugular and portal blood samples were obtained at timed intervals. All samples were analyzed by LC-MS/MS. Pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated using WinNonlin and standard pharmacokinetic equations. RESULTS: Thirty seven- and 39-fold reductions in biliary clearance were observed in EHBR as compared to control rats for probenecid and methotrexate, respectively. Biliary clearance was comparable between EHBR and control rats for furosemide. In all cases, no significant difference in absorption was observed between EHBR and control rats. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the first evidence that Mrp2 mediates the biliary excretion of probenecid but not furosemide. Additionally, Mrp2 apparently has a less profound impact on intestinal absorption than biliary excretion of its substrates. Furthermore, alteration in systemic clearance in EHBR indicates that a potential compensatory mechanism may occur in EHBR.
Pubmed ID: 12608533 RIS Download
Mesh terms: ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters | Animals | Biliary Tract | Carrier Proteins | Furosemide | Hyperbilirubinemia | Intestinal Absorption | Male | Methotrexate | Probenecid | Rats | Rats, Mutant Strains | Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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