Regulation of Src kinase activity is tightly coupled to the phosphorylation status of the C-terminal regulatory tyrosine Tyr(527), which, when phosphorylated by Csk, represses Src. Here, we demonstrate that activation of Csk through a prostaglandin E(2)-cAMP-protein kinase A (PKA) pathway inhibits Src. This inhibitory pathway is operative in detergent-resistant membrane fractions where cAMP-elevating agents activate Csk, resulting in a concomitant decrease in Src activity. The inhibitory effect on Src depends on a detergent-resistant membrane-anchored Csk and co-localization of all components of the inhibitory pathway in membrane microdomains. Furthermore, epidermal growth factor-induced activation of Src and phosphorylation of the Src substrates Cbl and focal adhesion kinase are inhibited by activation of the cAMP-PKA-Csk pathway. We propose a novel mechanism whereby G protein-coupled receptors inhibit Src signaling by activation of Csk in a cAMP-PKA-dependent manner.
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