Nedd8-modification of Cul1 is promoted by Roc1 as a Nedd8-E3 ligase and regulates its stability.
SCF is a ubiquitin ligase and is composed of Skp1, Cul1, F-box protein, and Roc1. The catalytic site of the SCF is the Cul1/Roc1 complex and RING-finger protein Roc1. It was shown earlier that when Cul1 was co-expressed with Roc1 in Sf-9 cells in a baculovirus protein expression system, Cul1 was highly neddylated in the cell, suggesting that Roc1 may function as a Nedd8-E3 ligase. However, there is no direct evidence that Roc1 is a Nedd8-E3 in an in vitro enzyme system. Here we have shown that Roc1 binds to Ubc12, E2 for Nedd8, but not to Ubc9, E2 for SUMO-1 and Roc1 RING-finger mutant, H77A, did not bind to Ubc12. In in vitro neddylation system using purified Cul1/Roc1 complex expressed in bacteria, Roc1 promotes neddylation of Cul1. These results demonstrate that Roc1 functions as a Nedd8-E3 ligase toward Cul1. Furthermore, Roc1 and Cul1 were ubiquitinylated in a manner dependent on the neddylation of Cul1 in vitro. In addition, Cul1 was degraded through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, and a non-neddylated mutant Cul1, K720R, was more stable than wild-type in intact cells. Thus, neddylation of Cul1 might regulate SCF function negatively via degradation of Cul1/Roc1 complex.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.