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Initial sequencing and comparative analysis of the mouse genome.

The sequence of the mouse genome is a key informational tool for understanding the contents of the human genome and a key experimental tool for biomedical research. Here, we report the results of an international collaboration to produce a high-quality draft sequence of the mouse genome. We also present an initial comparative analysis of the mouse and human genomes, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned from the two sequences. We discuss topics including the analysis of the evolutionary forces shaping the size, structure and sequence of the genomes; the conservation of large-scale synteny across most of the genomes; the much lower extent of sequence orthology covering less than half of the genomes; the proportions of the genomes under selection; the number of protein-coding genes; the expansion of gene families related to reproduction and immunity; the evolution of proteins; and the identification of intraspecies polymorphism.

Pubmed ID: 12466850

Authors

  • Mouse Genome Sequencing Consortium
  • Waterston RH
  • Lindblad-Toh K
  • Birney E
  • Rogers J
  • Abril JF
  • Agarwal P
  • Agarwala R
  • Ainscough R
  • Alexandersson M
  • An P
  • Antonarakis SE
  • Attwood J
  • Baertsch R
  • Bailey J
  • Barlow K
  • Beck S
  • Berry E
  • Birren B
  • Bloom T
  • Bork P
  • Botcherby M
  • Bray N
  • Brent MR
  • Brown DG
  • Brown SD
  • Bult C
  • Burton J
  • Butler J
  • Campbell RD
  • Carninci P
  • Cawley S
  • Chiaromonte F
  • Chinwalla AT
  • Church DM
  • Clamp M
  • Clee C
  • Collins FS
  • Cook LL
  • Copley RR
  • Coulson A
  • Couronne O
  • Cuff J
  • Curwen V
  • Cutts T
  • Daly M
  • David R
  • Davies J
  • Delehaunty KD
  • Deri J
  • Dermitzakis ET
  • Dewey C
  • Dickens NJ
  • Diekhans M
  • Dodge S
  • Dubchak I
  • Dunn DM
  • Eddy SR
  • Elnitski L
  • Emes RD
  • Eswara P
  • Eyras E
  • Felsenfeld A
  • Fewell GA
  • Flicek P
  • Foley K
  • Frankel WN
  • Fulton LA
  • Fulton RS
  • Furey TS
  • Gage D
  • Gibbs RA
  • Glusman G
  • Gnerre S
  • Goldman N
  • Goodstadt L
  • Grafham D
  • Graves TA
  • Green ED
  • Gregory S
  • Guig√≥ R
  • Guyer M
  • Hardison RC
  • Haussler D
  • Hayashizaki Y
  • Hillier LW
  • Hinrichs A
  • Hlavina W
  • Holzer T
  • Hsu F
  • Hua A
  • Hubbard T
  • Hunt A
  • Jackson I
  • Jaffe DB
  • Johnson LS
  • Jones M
  • Jones TA
  • Joy A
  • Kamal M
  • Karlsson EK
  • Karolchik D
  • Kasprzyk A
  • Kawai J
  • Keibler E
  • Kells C
  • Kent WJ
  • Kirby A
  • Kolbe DL
  • Korf I
  • Kucherlapati RS
  • Kulbokas EJ
  • Kulp D
  • Landers T
  • Leger JP
  • Leonard S
  • Letunic I
  • Levine R
  • Li J
  • Li M
  • Lloyd C
  • Lucas S
  • Ma B
  • Maglott DR
  • Mardis ER
  • Matthews L
  • Mauceli E
  • Mayer JH
  • McCarthy M
  • McCombie WR
  • McLaren S
  • McLay K
  • McPherson JD
  • Meldrim J
  • Meredith B
  • Mesirov JP
  • Miller W
  • Miner TL
  • Mongin E
  • Montgomery KT
  • Morgan M
  • Mott R
  • Mullikin JC
  • Muzny DM
  • Nash WE
  • Nelson JO
  • Nhan MN
  • Nicol R
  • Ning Z
  • Nusbaum C
  • O'Connor MJ
  • Okazaki Y
  • Oliver K
  • Overton-Larty E
  • Pachter L
  • Parra G
  • Pepin KH
  • Peterson J
  • Pevzner P
  • Plumb R
  • Pohl CS
  • Poliakov A
  • Ponce TC
  • Ponting CP
  • Potter S
  • Quail M
  • Reymond A
  • Roe BA
  • Roskin KM
  • Rubin EM
  • Rust AG
  • Santos R
  • Sapojnikov V
  • Schultz B
  • Schultz J
  • Schwartz MS
  • Schwartz S
  • Scott C
  • Seaman S
  • Searle S
  • Sharpe T
  • Sheridan A
  • Shownkeen R
  • Sims S
  • Singer JB
  • Slater G
  • Smit A
  • Smith DR
  • Spencer B
  • Stabenau A
  • Stange-Thomann N
  • Sugnet C
  • Suyama M
  • Tesler G
  • Thompson J
  • Torrents D
  • Trevaskis E
  • Tromp J
  • Ucla C
  • Ureta-Vidal A
  • Vinson JP
  • Von Niederhausern AC
  • Wade CM
  • Wall M
  • Weber RJ
  • Weiss RB
  • Wendl MC
  • West AP
  • Wetterstrand K
  • Wheeler R
  • Whelan S
  • Wierzbowski J
  • Willey D
  • Williams S
  • Wilson RK
  • Winter E
  • Worley KC
  • Wyman D
  • Yang S
  • Yang SP
  • Zdobnov EM
  • Zody MC
  • Lander ES

Journal

Nature

Publication Data

December 5, 2002

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NHGRI NIH HHS, Id: U54 HG003273

Mesh Terms

  • Animals
  • Base Composition
  • Chromosomes, Mammalian
  • Conserved Sequence
  • CpG Islands
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genes
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genome
  • Genome, Human
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Models, Animal
  • Multigene Family
  • Mutagenesis
  • Neoplasms
  • Physical Chromosome Mapping
  • Proteome
  • Pseudogenes
  • Quantitative Trait Loci
  • RNA, Untranslated
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Selection, Genetic
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sex Chromosomes
  • Species Specificity
  • Synteny