Cooperative interaction of EWS with CREB-binding protein selectively activates hepatocyte nuclear factor 4-mediated transcription.
The EWS gene when fused to transcription factors such as the ETS family ATF-1, Wilms' tumor-1, and nuclear orphan receptors upon chromosomal translocation is thought to contribute the development of Ewing sarcoma and several malignant tumors. Although EWS is predicted to be an RNA-binding protein, an inherent EWS nuclear function has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we found that EWS associates with a transcriptional co-activator CREB-binding protein (CBP) and the hypophosphorylated RNA polymerase II, which are included preferentially in the transcription preinitiation complex. These interactions suggest the potential involvement of EWS in gene transcription, leading to the hypothesis that EWS may function as a co-activator of CBP-dependent transcription factors. Based on this hypothesis, we investigated the effect of EWS on the activation of nuclear receptors that are activated by CBP. Of nuclear receptors examined, hepatocyte nuclear factor 4-dependent transcription was selectively enhanced by EWS but not by an EWS mutant defective for CBP binding. These results suggest that EWS as a co-activator requires CBP for hepatocyte nuclear factor 4-mediated transcriptional activation.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.