Regulation of phospholipase D activity by actin. Actin exerts bidirectional modulation of Mammalian phospholipase D activity in a polymerization-dependent, isoform-specific manner.
Many critical cellular processes, including proliferation, vesicle trafficking, and secretion, are regulated by both phospholipase D (PLD) and the actin microfilament system. Stimulation of human PLD1 results in its association with the detergent-insoluble actin cytoskeleton, but the molecular mechanisms and functional consequences of PLD-actin interactions remain incompletely defined. Biochemical and pharmacologic modulation of actin polymerization resulted in complex bidirectional effects on PLD activity, both in vitro and in vivo. Highly purified G-actin inhibited basal and stimulated PLD activity, whereas F-actin produced the opposite effects. Actin-induced modulation of PLD activity was independent of the activating stimulus. The efficacy and potency of the effects of actin were isoform-specific but broadly conserved among actin family members. Human betagamma-actin was only 45% as potent and 40% as efficacious as rabbit skeletal muscle alpha-actin, whereas its inhibitory profile was similar to the single actin species from the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Use of actin polymerization-specific reagents indicated that PLD1 binds both monomeric G-actin, as well as actin filaments. These data are consistent with a model in which the physical state of the actin cytoskeleton is a critical determinant of its regulation of PLD activity.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.