Searching across hundreds of databases

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Requirement of Bmpr1a for Müllerian duct regression during male sexual development.

Nature genetics | Nov 31, 2002

Elimination of the developing female reproductive tract in male fetuses is an essential step in mammalian sexual differentiation. In males, the fetal testis produces the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) family member anti-Müllerian hormone (Amh, also known as Müllerian-inhibiting substance (Mis)), which causes regression of the Müllerian ducts, the primordia of the oviducts, uterus and upper vagina. Amh induces regression by binding to a specific type II receptor (Amhr2) expressed in the mesenchyme surrounding the ductal epithelium. Mutations in AMH or AMHR2 in humans and mice disrupt signaling, producing male pseudohermaphrodites that possess oviducts and uteri. The type I receptor and Smad proteins that are required in vivo for Müllerian duct regression have not yet been identified. Here we show that targeted disruption of the widely expressed type I bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor Bmpr1a (also known as Alk3) in the mesenchymal cells of the Müllerian ducts leads to retention of oviducts and uteri in males. These results identify Bmpr1a as a type I receptor for Amh-induced regression of Müllerian ducts. Because Bmpr1a is evolutionarily conserved, these findings indicate that a component of the BMP signaling pathway has been co-opted during evolution for male sexual development in amniotes.

Pubmed ID: 12368913 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Activin Receptors, Type I | Alleles | Animals | Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type I | Exons | In Situ Hybridization | Ligands | Male | Mice | Mice, Transgenic | Models, Genetic | Mullerian Ducts | Mutation | Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases | Receptors, Growth Factor | Recombination, Genetic | Sex Differentiation | Testis | Time Factors

Research resources used in this publication

None found

Research tools detected in this publication

None found

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants


Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.

We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.