Regulation of insulin action and pancreatic beta-cell function by mutated alleles of the gene encoding forkhead transcription factor Foxo1.
Type 2 diabetes results from impaired action and secretion of insulin. It is not known whether the two defects share a common pathogenesis. We show that haploinsufficiency of the Foxo1 gene, encoding a forkhead transcription factor (forkhead box transcription factor O1), restores insulin sensitivity and rescues the diabetic phenotype in insulin-resistant mice by reducing hepatic expression of glucogenetic genes and increasing adipocyte expression of insulin-sensitizing genes. Conversely, a gain-of-function Foxo1 mutation targeted to liver and pancreatic beta-cells results in diabetes arising from a combination of increased hepatic glucose production and impaired beta-cell compensation due to decreased Pdx1 expression. These data indicate that Foxo1 is a negative regulator of insulin sensitivity in liver, adipocytes and pancreatic beta-cells. Impaired insulin signaling to Foxo1 provides a unifying mechanism for the common metabolic abnormalities of type 2 diabetes.NOTE: In the AOP version of this article, the name of the fourth author was misspelled as W K Cavanee rather than the correct spelling: W K Cavenee. This has been corrected in the full-text online version of the article. The name will appear correctly in the print version.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.