Preparing your results

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Neural processing of emotional faces requires attention.

Attention gates the processing of stimuli relatively early in visual cortex. Yet, existing data suggest that emotional stimuli activate brain regions automatically, largely immune from attentional control. To resolve this puzzle, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to first measure activation in regions that responded differentially to faces with emotional expressions (fearful and happy) compared with neutral faces. We then measured the modulation of these responses by attention, using a competing task with a high attentional load. Contrary to the prevailing view, all brain regions responding differentially to emotional faces, including the amygdala, did so only when sufficient attentional resources were available to process the faces. Thus, the processing of facial expression appears to be under top-down control.

Pubmed ID: 12177449


  • Pessoa L
  • McKenna M
  • Gutierrez E
  • Ungerleider LG


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Publication Data

August 20, 2002

Associated Grants


Mesh Terms

  • Adult
  • Attention
  • Brain
  • Brain Mapping
  • Emotions
  • Eye Movements
  • Facial Expression
  • Fear
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Reference Values
  • Visual Fields